CANNABIS 101: Terpenes Demystified

Cannabis terpenes images of plants, herbs and fruits that have the same aromas
Terpenes are the medicinal molecules that are found in cannabis, as thousands of other plants. Terpenes produce the plant's potent aromas.

When you first break the seal to your Bond Road cannabis jar- the aroma of tropical fruit, citrus, spices, wet forest, pine trees, and even cheese, fill your nose.

These magnificent scents are the product of the plant's terpenoids, which are found in the essential oils of the plant. When the flower is dried or cured, the terpenoids then become terpenes.

With cannabis, terpenes are created in the trichomes of the plant. Trichomes are the sticky crystals that cover the flower. With the help of the trichomes stickiness and odor, the cannabis plant is able to defend itself from certain predators. For humans, more trichomes means more terpenes, which attracts us to the plant with its intoxicating perfume. We now know that specific terpenes have a certain synergistic effect with cannabis, and the overall effect can differ with the addition or abundance of terpenes.

So far, there are over a 100 different terpenes that have been identified, and the research has only just begun.

When it comes to terpenes, MYRCENE is at the top of the list.

The first thing you will notice is the sweet, tropical smell of Myrcene. We also find this Terpene in citrus, mangos and even hops.

One of the great things about Myrcene is that it helps get the THC to the brain.

The THC can then enter the brain regions thick with CB1 receptors, and along with the myrcene can synergistically enhance the potency of the THC’s psychoactive effects.

  • Myrcene adds to the overall sedative sensation.

  • Myrcene is also an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory.

  • Strains high in Myrcene are great for those dealing with pain and having trouble sleeping.

LIMONENE is another one of the main Terpenes prevalent in cannabis.

With its pungent citrus aroma, you immediately know if your flower has Limonene the second you crack it open.

Just the thought of it will make your mouth water and your lips pucker.

The Limonene resin also fights against fungus, bacteria, and carcinogens.

  • Studies have shown that Limonene helps reduce anxiety, as well as depression.

  • Synergistically with THC, Limonene creates an uplifting, energetic and euphoric sensation.

  • Strains high in Limonene are great for extensive projects, outdoor activities or those just needing to raise their spirit.

A-PINENE is the most prevalent terpenoid found in plants from all over the world.

The plants conifers produce this odor to repel insects and pests, however the woodsy, pine scent that we often refer to as fresh air is a-pinene.

Physically, a-pinene has a strong anti-inflammatory effect and has shown to be a successful bronchodilator.

  • Strains with high levels of a-pinene are great for outdoor activities; beforehand so you can take those deep breaths and after to help with recovering and inflammation.

B-PINENE is the second isomer of pinene.

This conifer produced terpenoid has a similar moist forest-floor fragrance of a-pinene.

It has been discovered that b-pinene produces apoptosis (self destruction) of cancer cells and assists in memory retention.

B-pinene is also a tenacious antioxidant, so it is recommended that medical cannabis patients use strains high in B-pinene.

One could say that B-CARYOPHYLLENE is the spice of life.

Coming in second place for the most prevalent terpenes in cannabis, this peppery, spicy terpenoid produces more of a body high than a head high.

B-Caryophyllene has strong anti-inflammatory properties and cannabis with high levels of b-caryophyllene is used in many topicals.

  • Strains with large amounts of b-caryophyllene are perfect for those looking to unwind, chill out, calm down and take a load off. All while licking their lips and feeding their soul.

Much like the comforting feeling your grandma gives you, the terpene LINALOOL with its floral scent, evoking thoughts of spring flowers and the aroma of a spicy kitchen.

Linalool produces a calming, sensitive effect and aids in reducing stress. Just like a visit to grandma’s house.

Like a warm hug and a deep breath, strains high in linalool are beneficial for those dealing with

  • stress,

  • anxiety,

  • and restlessness.

When talking about the sedative and stimulating effect of cannabis, the terpene with this synergistic effect that first comes to mind is TERPINOLENE.

Terpinolene has also been shown to have anti-cancer, anti-fungal, anti-bacterial, and anti-insomnia effects.

With the smell of sweet, citrus and pine, strains high in Terpinolene are perfect for those looking for inspiration to their creativity.

Beer drinks are no stranger to a-HUMULENE.

A dry and earthy terpene that is also found in hops, a-humulene is a relaxing and grounding terpene.

Strains with large amounts of a-humulene are recommended for those who deal with long stressful workloads and need help letting it all go at the end of the day.

CINEOLE, a terpene that also goes by the name of eucalyptol, is best known for its medicinal fragrance.

Cineole has a heavy eucalyptus and mint scent that the plant uses as a defense mechanism against pests and predators.

Studies have shown that cineole helps improve memory, another positive cannabinoid advancement towards sustained cognitive health.

When used in topicals, strains high in cineole reduce swelling and alleviate inflammation and are known to be a potent antioxidant and anti-bacterial agent.

Strains high in Cineole are great for those suffering from inflammation and memory loss. *Medicinal, eucalyptus, mint, rosemary*

CAMPHENE is one of the more common terpenes and has the similar misty forest-floor aroma.

This rich earthy terpene has shown to decrease your chances of cardiovascular disease by lowering your levels of cholesterol and triglycerides in your bloodstream.

Camphene has antimicrobial and antiviral properties as well as pain-reducing effects.

Strains high in camphene are often sought out by medical users. *Musky, Fir Needles, Wet Forest Floor*

For those of us looking for a heavy sedative effect from our terpenes, cannabis with NEROLIDOL is a fantastic choice.

Nerolidol has the aroma of citrus bark, with its bright, woody smell.

Often used in perfumes, nerolidol has a transdermal effect as it naturally penetrates the skin.

Nerolidol also has strong antifungal and anti-parasitic effects on the body, making it perfect for topicals.

Cannabis with nerolidol is great for those suffering from muscle and joint pain when used topically as well as internally.

When you just need to rest and heal, nerolidol is a terpene to seek out.

One of the lesser known terpenes in cannabis is the sweet citrus and earthy, OCIMENE.

Ocimene does not always show up in test results, but is quite often found throughout cannabis in low doses. A favorite of the perfume industry, ocimene has the essence of sweet and sour fruit, with fresh-forest overtones.

Ocimene is another terpene that helps reduce inflammation and has an antifungal effect.

Even if you don’t see ocimene on your test results, be assured that even in trace amounts it works synergistically and aids in the overall potency of the plants terpenes.

This delicate floral scented terpene, GERANIOL, is found in flowers such as roses and geraniums but is so much more than just a fragrant aroma.

Geraniol has shown positive results as a neuroprotectant and antioxidant with benefits including antitumor, antibacterial, antifungal, and antiviral.

Geraniol is also effective in relieving muscle spasms.

Cannabis flowers with the presence of geraniol are crucial for those consumers who are healing from an injury or dealing with muscular issues.

This sweet citrusy terpene, VALENCENE, is most prevalent in the sweet and tangy Valencia orange.

But don’t let this bright and delicious exotic terpene fool you, valencene is a strong terpene that has been used in cleaning products and as an insect repellent.

Strains high in valencene are guaranteed to deliver a citrus punch with every toke; it may just help keep the mosquitoes off you too.



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